Find A Publication

Latest Publications

  • Recently a repeating fast radio burst (FRB) 121102 has been confirmed to be an extragalactic event and a persistent radio counterpart has been identified. While other possibilities are not ruled out, the emission properties are broadly consistent with theoretical suggestions of Murase et al. (2016) for quasi-steady nebula emission from a pulsar-driven supernova remnant as a counterpart of FRBs. Here we constrain the model parameters of such a young neutron star scenario for FRB 121102. If the associated supernova has a conventional ejecta mass of $M_{\rm ej}\gtrsim{\rm a \ few}\ M_\odot$, a neutron star with an age of $t_{\rm age} \sim 10-100 \ \rm yrs$, an initial spin period of $P_{\rm i} \lesssim$ a few ms, and a dipole magnetic field of $B_{\rm dip} \sim 10^{12-13} \ \rm G$ can be compatible with the observations. However, in this case, the magnetically-powered scenario may be more favored as an FRB energy source because of the efficiency problem in the rotation-powered scenario. On the other hand, if the associated supernova is an ultra-stripped one with $M_{\rm ej} \sim 0.1 \ M_\odot$, a younger neutron star with $t_{\rm age} \sim 1-10$ yrs can be the persistent radio source and might produce FRBs with the spin-down power. These possibilities could be distinguished by the decline rate of the quasi-steady radio counterpart. Read More
  • Electric-field noise from the surfaces of ion-trap electrodes couples to the ion's charge causing heating of the ion's motional modes. This heating limits the fidelity of quantum gates implemented in quantum information processing experiments. The exact mechanism that gives rise to electric-field noise from surfaces is not well-understood and remains an active area of research. In this work, we detail experiments intended to measure ion motional heating rates with exchangeable surfaces positioned in close proximity to the ion, as a sensor to electric-field noise. We have prepared samples with various surface conditions, characterized in situ with scanned probe microscopy and electron spectroscopy, ranging in degrees of cleanliness and structural order. The heating-rate data, however, show no significant differences between the disparate surfaces that were probed. These results suggest that the driving mechanism for electric-field noise from surfaces is due to more than just thermal excitations alone. Read More
  • We consider a problem introduced by Mossel and Ross [Shotgun assembly of labeled graphs, arXiv:1504.07682]. Suppose a random $n\times n$ jigsaw puzzle is constructed by independently and uniformly choosing the shape of each "jig" from $q$ possibilities. We are given the shuffled pieces. Then, depending on $q$, what is the probability that we can reassemble the puzzle uniquely? We say that two solutions of a puzzle are similar if they only differ by permutation of duplicate pieces, and rotation of rotationally symmetric pieces. In this paper, we show that, with high probability, such a puzzle has at least two non-similar solutions when $2\leq q \leq \frac{2}{\sqrt{e}}n$, all solutions are similar when $q\geq (2+\varepsilon)n$, and the solution is unique when $q=\omega(n)$. Read More
  • The black hole information paradox presumes that quantum field theory in curved spacetime can provide unitary propagation from a near-horizon mode to an asymptotic Hawking quantum. Instead of invoking conjectural quantum gravity effects to modify such an assumption, we propose a self-consistency check. We establish an analogy to Feynman's analysis of a double-slit experiment. Feynman showed that unitary propagation of the interfering particles, namely ignoring the entanglement with the double-slit, becomes an arbitrarily reliable assumption when the screen upon which the interference pattern is projected is infinitely far away. We argue for an analogous self-consistency check for quantum field theory in curved spacetime. We apply it to the propagation of Hawking quanta and test whether ignoring the entanglement with the geometry also becomes arbitrarily reliable in the limit of a large black hole. We present curious results to suggest a negative answer, and we discuss how this loss of naive unitarity in QFT might be related to a solution of the paradox based on the soft-hair-memory effect. Read More
  • A method for measuring the real part of the weak (local) value of spin is presented using a variant on the original Stern-Gerlach apparatus. The experiment utilises metastable helium in the $\rm 2^{3}S_{1}$ state. A full simulation using the impulsive approximation has been carried out and it predicts a displacement of the beam by $\rm \Delta_{w} = 17 - 33\,\mu m$. This is on the limit of our detector resolution and we will discuss ways of increasing $\rm \Delta_{w}$. The simulation also indicates how we might observe the imaginary part of the weak value. Read More
  • We study positive solutions to the heat equation on graphs. We prove variants of the Li-Yau gradient estimate and the differential Harnack inequality. For some graphs, we can show the estimates to be sharp. We establish new computation rules for differential operators on discrete spaces and introduce a relaxation function that governs the time dependency in the differential Harnack estimate. Read More